Mac中Python 三环境下安装scrapy的艺术教程

用6二个人windows10的CMD命令安装pip install scrapy出错:

Mac中Python 三环境下安装scrapy的主意教程,pythonscrapy

前言

最近忙里偷闲想学习一下python的爬虫框架scrapy,在mac下安装的时候境遇了难点,逐一消除了难题,分享一下,话不多说了,来共同看看详细的牵线吧。

手续如下:

  1. 从官网 下载最新版本Python
    三.陆.三(本地赶快下载安装:

图片 1

# 在Mac上Python三条件下安装scrapy

  1. 安装 Python3

图片 2

在极限输入python3涌出上边包车型大巴始末表示安装成功

➜ ~ python3
Python 3.6.3 (v3.6.3:2c5fed86e0, Oct 3 2017, 00:32:08) 
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5666) (dot 3)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> 

输入quit()退出编辑形式

  1. 输入 pip install scrapy执行 scrapy 安装

    ➜ ~ pip install Scrapy
    Collecting Scrapy
    Using cached Scrapy-1.4.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting lxml (from Scrapy)
    Using cached lxml-4.1.0-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.macosx_10_9_intel.macosx_10_9_x86_64.macosx_10_10_intel.macosx_10_10_x86_64.whl
    Collecting PyDispatcher>=2.0.5 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached PyDispatcher-2.0.5.tar.gz
    Collecting Twisted>=13.1.0 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached Twisted-17.9.0.tar.bz2
    Requirement already satisfied: pyOpenSSL in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from Scrapy)
    Collecting queuelib (from Scrapy)
    Using cached queuelib-1.4.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting cssselect>=0.9 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached cssselect-1.0.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting parsel>=1.1 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached parsel-1.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting service-identity (from Scrapy)
    Using cached service_identity-17.0.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting six>=1.5.2 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached six-1.11.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting w3lib>=1.17.0 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached w3lib-1.18.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: zope.interface>=3.6.0 in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Collecting constantly>=15.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached constantly-15.1.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting incremental>=16.10.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached incremental-17.5.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting Automat>=0.3.0 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached Automat-0.6.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting hyperlink>=17.1.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached hyperlink-17.3.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting pyasn1 (from service-identity->Scrapy)
    Using cached pyasn1-0.3.7-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting pyasn1-modules (from service-identity->Scrapy)
    Using cached pyasn1_modules-0.1.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting attrs (from service-identity->Scrapy)
    Using cached attrs-17.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: setuptools in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from zope.interface>=3.6.0->Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Installing collected packages: lxml, PyDispatcher, constantly, incremental, six, attrs, Automat, hyperlink, Twisted, queuelib, cssselect, w3lib, parsel, pyasn1, pyasn1-modules, service-identity, Scrapy
    Exception:
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/basecommand.py”, line 215, in main
    status = self.run(options, args)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/commands/install.py”, line 342, in run
    prefix=options.prefix_path,
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/req/req_set.py”, line 784, in install
    **kwargs
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/req/req_install.py”, line 851, in install
    self.move_wheel_files(self.source_dir, root=root, prefix=prefix)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/req/req_install.py”, line 1064, in move_wheel_files
    isolated=self.isolated,
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/wheel.py”, line 345, in move_wheel_files
    clobber(source, lib_dir, True)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/wheel.py”, line 316, in clobber
    ensure_dir(destdir)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/utils/init.py”, line 83, in ensure_dir
    os.makedirs(path)
    File “/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/os.py”, line 157, in makedirs
    mkdir(name, mode)
    OSError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: ‘/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/lxml’

出现
OSError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: '/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/lxml'错误

  1. 品尝再一次安装lxml,执行 sudo pip install lxml

    ➜ ~ sudo pip install lxml
    The directory ‘/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip/http’ or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and the cache has been disabled. Please check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo’s -H flag.
    The directory ‘/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip’ or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and caching wheels has been disabled. check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo’s -H flag.
    Collecting lxml
    Downloading lxml-4.1.0-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.macosx_10_9_intel.macosx_10_9_x86_64.macosx_10_10_intel.macosx_10_10_x86_64.whl (8.7MB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 8.7MB 97kB/s
    Installing collected packages: lxml
    Successfully installed lxml-4.1.0
    ➜ ~ sudo pip install scrapy
    The directory ‘/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip/http’ or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and the cache has been disabled. Please check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo’s -H flag.
    The directory ‘/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip’ or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and caching wheels has been disabled. check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo’s -H flag.
    Collecting scrapy
    Downloading Scrapy-1.4.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (248kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 256kB 1.5MB/s
    Requirement already satisfied: lxml in /Library/Python/2.7/site-packages (from scrapy)
    Collecting PyDispatcher>=2.0.5 (from scrapy)
    Downloading PyDispatcher-2.0.5.tar.gz
    Collecting Twisted>=13.1.0 (from scrapy)
    Downloading Twisted-17.9.0.tar.bz2 (3.0MB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 3.0MB 371kB/s
    Requirement already satisfied: pyOpenSSL in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from scrapy)
    Collecting queuelib (from scrapy)
    Downloading queuelib-1.4.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting cssselect>=0.9 (from scrapy)
    Downloading cssselect-1.0.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting parsel>=1.1 (from scrapy)
    Downloading parsel-1.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting service-identity (from scrapy)
    Downloading service_identity-17.0.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting six>=1.5.2 (from scrapy)
    Downloading six-1.11.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting w3lib>=1.17.0 (from scrapy)
    Downloading w3lib-1.18.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: zope.interface>=3.6.0 in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Collecting constantly>=15.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading constantly-15.1.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting incremental>=16.10.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading incremental-17.5.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting Automat>=0.3.0 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading Automat-0.6.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting hyperlink>=17.1.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading hyperlink-17.3.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (73kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 81kB 1.4MB/s
    Collecting pyasn1 (from service-identity->scrapy)
    Downloading pyasn1-0.3.7-py2.py3-none-any.whl (63kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 71kB 2.8MB/s
    Collecting pyasn1-modules (from service-identity->scrapy)
    Downloading pyasn1_modules-0.1.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl (60kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 61kB 2.5MB/s
    Collecting attrs (from service-identity->scrapy)
    Downloading attrs-17.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: setuptools in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from zope.interface>=3.6.0->Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Installing collected packages: PyDispatcher, constantly, incremental, six, attrs, Automat, hyperlink, Twisted, queuelib, cssselect, w3lib, parsel, pyasn1, pyasn1-modules, service-identity, scrapy
    Running setup.py install for PyDispatcher … done
    Found existing installation: six 1.4.1
    DEPRECATION: Uninstalling a distutils installed project (six) has been deprecated and will be removed in a future version. This is due to the fact that uninstalling a distutils project will only partially uninstall the project.
    Uninstalling six-1.4.1:
    Successfully uninstalled six-1.4.1
    Running setup.py install for Twisted … done
    Successfully installed Automat-0.6.0 PyDispatcher-2.0.5 Twisted-17.9.0 attrs-17.2.0 constantly-15.1.0 cssselect-1.0.1 hyperlink-17.3.1 incremental-17.5.0 parsel-1.2.0 pyasn1-0.3.7 pyasn1-modules-0.1.5 queuelib-1.4.2 scrapy-1.4.0 service-identity-17.0.0 six-1.11.0 w3lib-1.18.0

得逞安装lxml-4.1.0

  1. 重复尝试安装scrapy,执行 sudo pip install scrapy

    ➜ ~ sudo pip install scrapy
    The directory ‘/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip/http’ or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and the cache has been disabled. Please check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo’s -H flag.
    The directory ‘/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip’ or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and caching wheels has been disabled. check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo’s -H flag.
    Collecting scrapy
    Downloading Scrapy-1.4.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (248kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 256kB 1.5MB/s
    Requirement already satisfied: lxml in /Library/Python/2.7/site-packages (from scrapy)
    Collecting PyDispatcher>=2.0.5 (from scrapy)
    Downloading PyDispatcher-2.0.5.tar.gz
    Collecting Twisted>=13.1.0 (from scrapy)
    Downloading Twisted-17.9.0.tar.bz2 (3.0MB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 3.0MB 371kB/s
    Requirement already satisfied: pyOpenSSL in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from scrapy)
    Collecting queuelib (from scrapy)
    Downloading queuelib-1.4.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting cssselect>=0.9 (from scrapy)
    Downloading cssselect-1.0.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting parsel>=1.1 (from scrapy)
    Downloading parsel-1.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting service-identity (from scrapy)
    Downloading service_identity-17.0.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting six>=1.5.2 (from scrapy)
    Downloading six-1.11.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting w3lib>=1.17.0 (from scrapy)
    Downloading w3lib-1.18.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: zope.interface>=3.6.0 in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Collecting constantly>=15.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading constantly-15.1.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting incremental>=16.10.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading incremental-17.5.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting Automat>=0.3.0 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading Automat-0.6.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting hyperlink>=17.1.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Downloading hyperlink-17.3.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (73kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 81kB 1.4MB/s
    Collecting pyasn1 (from service-identity->scrapy)
    Downloading pyasn1-0.3.7-py2.py3-none-any.whl (63kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 71kB 2.8MB/s
    Collecting pyasn1-modules (from service-identity->scrapy)
    Downloading pyasn1_modules-0.1.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl (60kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 61kB 2.5MB/s
    Collecting attrs (from service-identity->scrapy)
    Downloading attrs-17.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: setuptools in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from zope.interface>=3.6.0->Twisted>=13.1.0->scrapy)
    Installing collected packages: PyDispatcher, constantly, incremental, six, attrs, Automat, hyperlink, Twisted, queuelib, cssselect, w3lib, parsel, pyasn1, pyasn1-modules, service-identity, scrapy
    Running setup.py install for PyDispatcher … done
    Found existing installation: six 1.4.1
    DEPRECATION: Uninstalling a distutils installed project (six) has been deprecated and will be removed in a future version. This is due to the fact that uninstalling a distutils project will only partially uninstall the project.
    Uninstalling six-1.4.1:
    Successfully uninstalled six-1.4.1
    Running setup.py install for Twisted … done
    Successfully installed Automat-0.6.0 PyDispatcher-2.0.5 Twisted-17.9.0 attrs-17.2.0 constantly-15.1.0 cssselect-1.0.1 hyperlink-17.3.1 incremental-17.5.0 parsel-1.2.0 pyasn1-0.3.7 pyasn1-modules-0.1.5 queuelib-1.4.2 scrapy-1.4.0 service-identity-17.0.0 six-1.11.0 w3lib-1.18.0

  2. 实施 scrapy 出现上面错误

    ➜ ~ scrapy
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    File “/usr/local/bin/scrapy”, line 7, in
    from scrapy.cmdline import execute
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/scrapy/cmdline.py”, line 9, in
    from scrapy.crawler import CrawlerProcess
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/scrapy/crawler.py”, line 7, in
    from twisted.internet import reactor, defer
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/reactor.py”, line 38, in
    from twisted.internet import default
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/default.py”, line 56, in
    install = _getInstallFunction(platform)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/default.py”, line 50, in _getInstallFunction
    from twisted.internet.selectreactor import install
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/selectreactor.py”, line 18, in
    from twisted.internet import posixbase
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/posixbase.py”, line 18, in
    from twisted.internet import error, udp, tcp
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/tcp.py”, line 28, in
    from twisted.internet._newtls import (
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/_newtls.py”, line 21, in
    from twisted.protocols.tls import TLSMemoryBIOFactory, TLSMemoryBIOProtocol
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/protocols/tls.py”, line 63, in
    from twisted.internet._sslverify import _setAcceptableProtocols
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/twisted/internet/_sslverify.py”, line 38, in
    TLSVersion.TLSv1_1: SSL.OP_NO_TLSv1_1,
    AttributeError: ‘module’ object has no attribute ‘OP_NO_TLSv1_1’

急需更新 OpenSSL 库,执行 sudo pip install --upgrade pyopenssl

➜ ~ sudo pip install --upgrade pyopenssl
Password:
The directory '/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip/http' or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and the cache has been disabled. Please check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo's -H flag.
The directory '/Users/wangruofeng/Library/Caches/pip' or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and caching wheels has been disabled. check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo's -H flag.
Collecting pyopenssl
 Downloading pyOpenSSL-17.3.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (51kB)
 100% |████████████████████████████████| 51kB 132kB/s 
Requirement already up-to-date: six>=1.5.2 in /Library/Python/2.7/site-packages (from pyopenssl)
Collecting cryptography>=1.9 (from pyopenssl)
 Downloading cryptography-2.1.1-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl (1.5MB)
 100% |████████████████████████████████| 1.5MB 938kB/s 
Collecting cffi>=1.7; platform_python_implementation != "PyPy" (from cryptography>=1.9->pyopenssl)
 Downloading cffi-1.11.2-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.whl (238kB)
 100% |████████████████████████████████| 245kB 2.2MB/s 
Collecting enum34; python_version < "3" (from cryptography>=1.9->pyopenssl)
 Downloading enum34-1.1.6-py2-none-any.whl
Collecting idna>=2.1 (from cryptography>=1.9->pyopenssl)
 Downloading idna-2.6-py2.py3-none-any.whl (56kB)
 100% |████████████████████████████████| 61kB 3.1MB/s 
Collecting asn1crypto>=0.21.0 (from cryptography>=1.9->pyopenssl)
 Downloading asn1crypto-0.23.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (99kB)
 100% |████████████████████████████████| 102kB 2.7MB/s 
Collecting ipaddress; python_version < "3" (from cryptography>=1.9->pyopenssl)
 Downloading ipaddress-1.0.18-py2-none-any.whl
Collecting pycparser (from cffi>=1.7; platform_python_implementation != "PyPy"->cryptography>=1.9->pyopenssl)
 Downloading pycparser-2.18.tar.gz (245kB)
 100% |████████████████████████████████| 256kB 3.6MB/s 
Installing collected packages: pycparser, cffi, enum34, idna, asn1crypto, ipaddress, cryptography, pyopenssl
 Running setup.py install for pycparser ... done
 Found existing installation: pyOpenSSL 0.13.1
 DEPRECATION: Uninstalling a distutils installed project (pyopenssl) has been deprecated and will be removed in a future version. This is due to the fact that uninstalling a distutils project will only partially uninstall the project.
 Uninstalling pyOpenSSL-0.13.1:
 Successfully uninstalled pyOpenSSL-0.13.1
Successfully installed asn1crypto-0.23.0 cffi-1.11.2 cryptography-2.1.1 enum34-1.1.6 idna-2.6 ipaddress-1.0.18 pycparser-2.18 pyopenssl-17.3.0

立异 OpenSSL 成功,再度尝试进行 scrapy

➜ ~ scrapy  
Scrapy 1.4.0 - no active project

Usage:
 scrapy <command> [options] [args]

Available commands:
 bench Run quick benchmark test
 fetch Fetch a URL using the Scrapy downloader
 genspider Generate new spider using pre-defined templates
 runspider Run a self-contained spider (without creating a project)
 settings Get settings values
 shell Interactive scraping console
 startproject Create new project
 version Print Scrapy version
 view Open URL in browser, as seen by Scrapy

 [ more ] More commands available when run from project directory

Use "scrapy <command> -h" to see more info about a command

并发上面内容,申明安装成功。今后可以通过 scrapy 创立一个爬虫项目了

  1. 跻身到您项指标目录,执行 scrapy startproject firstscrapy创立firstscrapy 爬虫项目

    ➜ PycharmProjects scrapy startproject firstscrapy
    New Scrapy project ‘firstscrapy’, using template directory ‘/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/scrapy/templates/project’, created in:
    /Users/wangruofeng/PycharmProjects/firstscrapy

    You can start your first spider with:
    cd firstscrapy
    scrapy genspider example example.com
    ➜ PycharmProjects

图片 3

并发上面内容注明项目成立成功,但是利用的是二.柒本子的Python怎么切换来叁.陆本子呢?

  1. 应用 PyCharm IDE 打开刚才的品种,执行 command + ,
    打开偏好设置菜单,在Project里面采取 Projiect interpreter
    来切换你须要借助的Python库的版本,配置结束。

图片 4

总结

如上正是那篇小说的全部内容了,希望本文的始末对大家的学习或然干活有所自然的参阅学习价值,若是反常我们能够留言调换,多谢大家对帮客之家的支持。

三环境下安装scrapy的点子教程,pythonscrapy 前言
最近忙里偷闲想上学一下python的爬虫框架scrapy,在mac下安装的时候境遇了问题,逐壹消除…

前不久忙里偷闲想学学一下python的爬虫框架scrapy,在mac下安装的时候境遇了难点,逐1消除了难点,分享一下,话不多说了,来一起探访详细的介绍吧。

  Running setup.py bdist_wheel for Twisted … error

手续如下:

  Failed building wheel for Twisted

  1. 从官网 下载最新版本Python
    3.陆.③(本地神速下载安装:)

  Running setup.py clean for Twisted

图片 5

Failed to build Twisted

# 在Mac上Python叁环境下安装scrapy

Installing collected packages: pycparser, cffi, asn1crypto,
cryptography, pyOpenSSL, Twisted, pyasn1, pyasn1-modules,
service-identity, queuelib, scrapy

  1. 安装 Python3

  Running setup.py install for Twisted … error

图片 6

Exception:

在巅峰输入python三油但是生上边的内容表示安装成功

Traceback (most recent call last):

➜ ~ python3
Python 3.6.3 (v3.6.3:2c5fed86e0, Oct 3 2017, 00:32:08) 
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5666) (dot 3)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> 

  File
“e:\python\envs\py2scripy\lib\site-packages\pip\compat\__init__.py”,
line 73, in console_to_str

输入quit()剥离编辑形式

    return s.decode(sys.__stdout__.encoding)

  1. 输入 pip install scrapy执行 scrapy 安装

    ➜ ~ pip install Scrapy
    Collecting Scrapy
    Using cached Scrapy-1.4.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting lxml (from Scrapy)
    Using cached lxml-4.1.0-cp27-cp27m-macosx_10_6_intel.macosx_10_9_intel.macosx_10_9_x86_64.macosx_10_10_intel.macosx_10_10_x86_64.whl
    Collecting PyDispatcher>=2.0.5 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached PyDispatcher-2.0.5.tar.gz
    Collecting Twisted>=13.1.0 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached Twisted-17.9.0.tar.bz2
    Requirement already satisfied: pyOpenSSL in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from Scrapy)
    Collecting queuelib (from Scrapy)
    Using cached queuelib-1.4.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting cssselect>=0.9 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached cssselect-1.0.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting parsel>=1.1 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached parsel-1.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting service-identity (from Scrapy)
    Using cached service_identity-17.0.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting six>=1.5.2 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached six-1.11.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting w3lib>=1.17.0 (from Scrapy)
    Using cached w3lib-1.18.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: zope.interface>=3.6.0 in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Collecting constantly>=15.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached constantly-15.1.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting incremental>=16.10.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached incremental-17.5.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting Automat>=0.3.0 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached Automat-0.6.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting hyperlink>=17.1.1 (from Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Using cached hyperlink-17.3.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting pyasn1 (from service-identity->Scrapy)
    Using cached pyasn1-0.3.7-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting pyasn1-modules (from service-identity->Scrapy)
    Using cached pyasn1_modules-0.1.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Collecting attrs (from service-identity->Scrapy)
    Using cached attrs-17.2.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    Requirement already satisfied: setuptools in /System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/Extras/lib/python (from zope.interface>=3.6.0->Twisted>=13.1.0->Scrapy)
    Installing collected packages: lxml, PyDispatcher, constantly, incremental, six, attrs, Automat, hyperlink, Twisted, queuelib, cssselect, w3lib, parsel, pyasn1, pyasn1-modules, service-identity, Scrapy
    Exception:
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/basecommand.py”, line 215, in main
    status = self.run(options, args)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/commands/install.py”, line 342, in run
    prefix=options.prefix_path,
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/req/req_set.py”, line 784, in install
    **kwargs
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/req/req_install.py”, line 851, in install
    self.move_wheel_files(self.source_dir, root=root, prefix=prefix)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/req/req_install.py”, line 1064, in move_wheel_files
    isolated=self.isolated,
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/wheel.py”, line 345, in move_wheel_files
    clobber(source, lib_dir, True)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/wheel.py”, line 316, in clobber
    ensure_dir(destdir)
    File “/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/pip-9.0.1-py2.7.egg/pip/utils/init.py”, line 83, in ensure_dir
    os.makedirs(path)
    File “/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/os.py”, line 157, in makedirs
    mkdir(name, mode)
    OSError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: ‘/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/lxml’

UnicodeDecodeError: ‘utf-8’ codec can’t decode byte 0xb6 in position 30:
invalid start byte

出现
OSError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: '/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/lxml'错误

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